All about the Island of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico

THE ISLANDS

Those who visit the Island of Puerto Rico find charms in both the capital city of San Juan and in the rest of the territory. Throughout and you can find excellent restaurants, shops, hotels and inns, either in front of the beautiful beach or in the mountains. Old San Juan, designated by the United Nations as a World Heritage Site, is a walled city built 500 years ago, with cobbled streets, fascinating colonial architecture, museums, art galleries and all the hustle and bustle of modern life. Guided tours reveal 16th and 17th century churches, restored residences and impressive fortifications with breathtaking views of the city and the ocean. The shops and cafés offer a pleasant resting point during the walking tour. The interior of the island offers colonial towns, excellent restaurants by the sea, beautiful beaches and breathtaking views of the mountains.




GEOGRAPHY

Since we want to let you know all about the island of Puerto Rico, of the four Greater Antilles the most eastern, measures 177 x 56 kilometers. It is bathed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the Caribbean Sea in the south. Puerto Rico is an archipelago formed by three main islands that are located in the vicinity; The populated municipalities of Vieques and Culebra to the east, and Mona, an uninhabited island to the west. Also forming this archipelago numerous cays and islets among which are, Desecheo, Box of the Dead and Monito among others. By plane, Puerto Rico is 8 hours from Madrid, 2.5 hours from Miami 3 1/2 hours from New York.

The topography of the island is varied, from beaches covered with palms on the four coasts, steep mountains, light mountains and even semi-desert drought areas. Puerto Rico has twenty designated forest reserves and six proposals. The most important are: the Yunque National Forest, near San Juan. Its 11,000 hectares are the only tropical forest under the US Forest Service and currently nominated to be one of the new seven wonders of the natural world; The Forest Reserve of Guajataca, with 40 km of roads in the karst area; And the Guánica State Forest, a dry forest that has the largest number of bird species on the island. There are also three bio luminescent bays: in the area known as La Parguera on the southwest coast, another near the coast of Vieques and the latter is located in the northeast area, in the municipality of Fajardo. The underwater geography of Puerto Rico offers the same variety that is found above sea level. The pristine corals, intriguing caverns and caves, mangrove-covered keys, 30-meter “walls” and a visibility that exceeds 30 m, attract divers and snorkeling enthusiasts, qualities that are turning the island into the destination Favorite of divers.




WEATHER

All bout the island of Puerto Rico is the fact it’s one of the most pleasant climates in the world, with an average temperature of 22.7 degrees Celsius in the winter, 29.4 degrees Celsius in the summer and a pleasant breeze all year round. The temperature in the mountains is usually 10 degrees cooler, both in the winter and in the summer. The average humidity is 55 percent for the day and 80 percent for the night. An average of 52 inches of rain falls annually. The rainy season has its peak in August; Per month, an average of 18 centimeters of rain falls.

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